MITZPE RAMON, ISRAEL — Another day of learning Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy from Yoav Avni of the Geological Survey of Israel, this time in the north of our field area. Just as last month in Mississippi and Alabama, we deployed the classic paleontological technique of sitting in one place in the sun and filling little bags with tiny treasures.
One of our primary goals for this project is to sort out the depositional environments for the Upper Cretaceous units formed near the developing monocline which will become Makhtesh Ramon. We want to test the competing ideas that the sediments of the Menuha Formation were deposited in either very shallow or very deep water. Today Yoav found a bedding plane of cobbles in place at the base of the Menuha. They look like they were on the bottom of a tidal pool after the water was drained. The cobbles are heavily bored by bivalves and worms, almost entirely on their tops. I taught Yoav the American term “slam-dunk” when it comes to supporting the shallow water hypothesis.